Age dating paper
Note that young-Earthers cannot accuse us of selective use of data -- the above table includes a significant fraction of all meteorites on which isotope dating has been attempted. 286) , less than 100 meteorites have been subjected to isotope dating, and of those about 70 yield ages with low analytical error.
Young-Earthers have several methods which they claim to give "upper limits" to the age of the Earth, much lower than the age calculated above (usually in the thousands of years).
Over time, the amounts of Pb-206 and Pb-207 will change in some samples, as these isotopes are decay end-products of uranium decay (U-238 decays to Pb-206, and U-235 decays to Pb-207).
This causes the data points to separate from each other.
The most direct means for calculating the Earth's age is a Pb/Pb isochron age, derived from samples of the Earth and meteorites.
This involves measurement of three isotopes of lead (Pb-206, Pb-207, and either Pb-208 or Pb-204).
Some of these rocks are sedimentary, and include minerals which are themselves as old as 4.1 to 4.2 billion years.